Forty winters … All rights reserved. IV. the desired result. The sequence is logical. Synopsis: The poet defends his love of a mistress who does not meet the conventional standard of beauty by claiming that her dark eyes and hair (and, perhaps, dark skin) are the new standard. The fact that the opening line has three unstressed syllables and the second and third lines three stressed, reflects the argument put forward by the speaker - namely, there is a stark choice to be made: grow old, lose your beauty or marry, have a child and so keep the beauty in the family line. There is a tone of quiet desperation in this sonnet, the speaker imploring the young man or woman to stop delaying, stop being so vain, and think about future prospects for their beauty. (pyrrhic + spondee + 3 iambs), How much / more praise / deserved / thy beau / ty's use, (iamb + spondee + 3 iambs), If thou / couldst ans / wer, "This / fair child / of mine (iamb + spondee + 3 iambs), Proving / his beau / ty by / success / ion thine. However this changes after a number of sonnets. Each quatrain is a single sentence. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Shakespeare’s Sonnets and what it means. There are examples of a repeated phrase or word reinforcing the argument: and the word beauty (beauty's) occurs four times. "Proud livery" in line 3, here meaning well-tailored clothing, contrasts to "tottered weed" as the clothes of a nobleman's servant contrast to the rags of a beggar; the phrase also refers to the youth's outward beauty, which time devours. A critical reading of a Shakespeare sonnet. But if he has a child, then …. Note that this sonnet does not mention the gender of the addressee, although it is accepted among critics that it is meant for the ears and eyes of the fair youth. There are certain words related to war fare and the battlefield - besiege, deep trenches, livery. Removing #book# Introduction and Text of Sonnet 2: "When forty winters shall besiege thy brow" In the second marriage sonnet from the Shakespeare 154-sonnet sequence, the speaker continues to implore the young man to take a wife and produce offspring.He cautions the young lad to act before he begins to age and lose his youth, vitality, and beauty. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Shakespeare's Sonnets essays are academic essays for citation. Lacking absolute proof, all we have are the sonnets themselves and they are each a glimpse into the heart and mind of a master craftsman taking his art to another level, focusing on beauty, love, time and inevitable change. Summary. He warns him that even though he is handsome now, his good looks just won't last. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. The whole point of Sonnet 2 is to talk the young man it's addressing into having a kid. Analysis This is Sonnet II of Donne’s “Holy Sonnets”. It's a convincing line of persuasion. It's written in the form of an argument, as if the speaker is using logic to convince the subject of a thesis. However this changes after a number of sonnets. Actors and dramatists could deliver this sonnet with a touch of anger, with a quiet persuasiveness, with grim determination. bookmarked pages associated with this title. That stressed spondaic emphasis on dig deep trenches really hits home, and the imagery of a worthless weed, planted in an alliterative fourth line, is striking. Sonnet 2 Analysis. When forty winters shall beseige thy brow, And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field, Thy youth's proud livery, so gazed on now, Will be a tatter'd weed, of small worth held: Then being ask'd where all thy beauty lies, Where all the treasure of thy lusty days, To say, within thine own deep-sunken eyes, Were an all-eating shame and thriftless praise. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. The structure of the sonnet is 4-4-4-2, although there is a change of emphasis and tone after the 8th line which means that the sonnet has a distinguishable octave and sestet. It could be interpreted in terms of seduction, appraisal, veiled threat. Vocabulary: Beseige: Livery: A distinctive uniform worn by the male servants of a household; also used as a metaphor for the beauty of a young man that Shakespeare is describing. 13. In Sonnet 2 Shakespeare continues the theme of procreation explaining to man the importance and beauty of his life and how he shouldn’t waste it. The final couplet wraps it all up by implying that beauty will be refreshed in the shape of a child newly made, with warm blood, despite the subject being old and cold. Below is Sonnet 2, and a few words of summary and analysis Shakespeare's Sonnet 2 is the second procreation sonnet. Beauty is conceived of as a treasure that decays unless, through love, its natural increase — marrying and having children — is made possible. Just think about: In truth, no specific evidence identifies any person as the young man in these seventeen sonnets. Shakespeare Sonnet 3, Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest. Sonnet #2 does have lines of pure iambic pentameter but Shakespeare varied the feet in several lines ( he used pyrrhic, trochaic and spondaic feet), which alters the rhythms, brings contrast and added interest for the reader. Proving, by his beauty, that he succeeds you as an heir to your beauty. In this sonnet, the poet is giving almost fatherly advice to the fair youth. The first, alliteration, occurs when words are used in succession, or at least appear close together and begin with the same sound. The speaker addresses the Fair Youth, informing him that in short order he’s going to lose his beauty and his face is going to look like a ploughed field. The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of. His poems are published online and in print. Sonnet 2 continues the argument and plea from Sonnet 1, this time through the imagery of military, winter, and commerce. Value is related to phrases words such as - small worth held, treasure (which may also have sexual associations), thriftless praise. Sonnet 2 modern English explanation. Shakespeare varied the metric rhythm in certain lines to strengthen meaning and contrast between soft and hard emphasis. Summary. Shakespeare makes use of several poetic techniques in Sonnet 2: ‘When forty winters shall besiege thy brow’. When forty winters shall besiege thy brow, besiege = lay siege to. Note the additional use of agricultural metaphor too, with terms such as field and weed. In this sonnet the sun is again overtaken by clouds, but now the sun/beloved is accused of having betrayed the poet by promising what is not delivered. William Shakespeare left no letter, no manuscript, no clues as to who this individual might have been. Development of the Sonnet Form: Sonnets in Context; Shakespeare Sonnets Analysis; Publishing The Sonnets; Shakespeare Love Sonnets; Sonnet 1: From Fairest Creatures We Desire Increase; Sonnet 2: When Forty Winters Shall Besiege Thy Brow; Sonnet 3: Look In Thy Glass, And Tell The Face Thous Viewest; Sonnet 4: Unthrifty Loveliness, Why Dost Thou Spend proving also has the meaning of 'testing, trying out' which may be relevant here. The poet writes that while the beloved’s repentance and shame do not rectify the damage done, the beloved’s tears … Analysis. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. Note the association between so gazed on now and deep-sunken eyes connecting quatrain to quatrain in extreme contrast. An in-depth analysis of William Shakespeare's second Sonnet Sonnet 116: ‘Let me not to the marriage of true minds’, which is easily one of the most recognised of his poetry, particularly the first several lines.In total, it is believed that Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, in addition to the thirty-seven plays that are also attributed to him. Sonnet 2 continues the argument and plea from Sonnet 1, this time through the imagery of military, winter, and commerce. Sonnet 2 maakt deel uit van de sonnetten van Shakespeare die voor de eerste keer in 1609 werden gepubliceerd. However this changes after a number of sonnets. The poet does not call the act of love "increase," as he did in Sonnet 1, but "use," meaning investment, the opposite of "niggarding" from Sonnet 1. It’s a poem about ageing, and about the benefits of having children – continuing the argument begun in the previous sonnet. It shows the poet’s intense desire to devote self wholeheartedly to God, but at the same time it shows the painful struggle that goes on in his mind between this desire and the temptation that sin offers. They support the idea that Shakespeare was a poet for all and the sonnets are universal in nature, not based on his sexuality, more on his humanity. Being forty years old in Shakespeare’s time would likely have been considered to be a “good old age”, so when forty winters had passed, you would have been considered old. Contrasts exist within this sonnet that add to the overall tone and argument. In Sonnet 3 Shakespeare … Agricultural associations in the words - field, tattered weed. Poetic Techniques in Sonnet 2. The only thing the young man will have to look back on is his self-absorbed "lusty days," empty because he created nothing — namely, no children. The first quatrain has a noticeable sentence structure because the subject isn't introduced until line 3 and the verb delayed until line 4, so building up a powerful effect - from inevitable aging (forty winters) to proud youth. Mac.II.3.2-3. Sonnet 2 Analysis Symbols, Imagery, Wordplay Sonnet 2 opens with a metaphor that compares the way time wears away a person's face to the way an army attacks a castle. And praise is mentioned twice. Other lines with metrical variation include: To say / within / thine own / deep-sunk / en eyes (3 iambs + spondee + iamb), Were an / all-eat / ing shame / and thrift / less praise. Shakespeare begins his sonnets by introducing four of his most important themes — immortality, time, procreation, and selfishness — which are interrelated in this first sonnet both thematically and through the use of images associated with business or commerce. 12. This brings added interest and challenge for the reader. Few collections of poems intrigue, challenge, tantalize, and reward us as do Shakespeare’s Sonnets, all written in the English sonnet form. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. Having children is the only solution and the tone is persuasive and perhaps a little cruel. The speaker pleas on behalf of common sense and logic and aims directly for the conscience of the subject - the presumed fair youth - hoping to persuade him to have children and thus preserve his beauty. For example, the first quatrain starts off in conventional manner, with iambic feet, da-DUM da-DUM the beat, but soon changes: When for / ty win / ters shall / besiege / thy brow (2 iambs + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), And dig / deep tren / ches in / thy beau / ty's field, (iamb + spondee + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), Thy youth's / proud liv / ery, / so gazed / on now, (iamb + spondee + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), Will be / a tott / ered weed / of small / worth held. 2. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# Analysis of Sonnet 2. The use of elevated diction, imagery, plays on words, and even an irregular rhyme scheme deepens the meanings of the poems as they relate to people in the Renaissance era and even today. Shakespeare starts out by trying to scare this young man a little bit, to make him think about what it will be like to be old. Summary and Analysis. Mystery surrounds the actual historical name of this 'fair youth' but it seems likely that the sonnets were written to persuade either William Herbert, 3rd earl of Pembroke, or Henry Wriothesley, 3rd earl of Southampton, to marry and have children. The use of a conceit, an Elizabethan poetic technique using metaphor, is clear. Introduction and Text of Sonnet 2: "When forty winters shall besiege thy brow" In the second marriage sonnet from the Shakespeare 154-sonnet sequence, the speaker continues to implore the young man to take a wife and produce offspring.He cautions the young lad to act before he begins to age and lose his youth, vitality, and beauty. Both were patrons of Shakespeare. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. Alliterative phrases - besiege thy brow....dig deep...weed, of small worth...much more....Shall sum...make my....blood warm when. Sonnet 2 is one of 154 sonnets written by the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare. Shakespeare borrowed these classic metaphors - 'he ploughs the brow with furrows' and 'furrows which may plough your body' - from the ancient Roman writers Virgil and Ovid. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. The poet's argument that the young man is actually hurting himself by not procreating is present in this sonnet as it was in the preceding one. When forty winters shall besiege thy brow, And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field, Thy youth's proud livery so gazed on now, Will be a tattered weed of small worth held: “Forty winters” refers to a long time passing. ‘When forty winters shall besiege thy brow’ by William Shakespeare addresses the need to have children as a way of guaranteeing one’s legacy and beauty. It shows the poet’s intense desire to devote self wholeheartedly to God, but at the same time it shows the painful struggle that goes on in his mind between this desire and the temptation that sin offers. Summary. Sonnet 2 opens with a metaphor that compares the way time wears away a person's face to the way an army attacks a castle. Shakespeare - A nalysis of Sonnet 2 : In Sonnet 2, Shakespeare stresses to his lover that beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for anyone not to prepare for the loss of beauty and youth by having a child to carry on unsurpassed beauty.
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